Every once in a while someone discovers a life form that appears to be so “distant” from being human that they are immediately thought of as a "new-species" or a creature with "extraterrestrial origins." The recent alleged discovery of a “three-fingered mummy,” now called Maria, in a cave Peru has Ancient Alien theorists jumping up and down waiting for it to be verified as the long-awaited "proof" of other life out there. Maria only has 24 vertebrae compared to 33 on a human, she has less ribs than a human and what is more, three smaller mummies were discovered, yet to be revealed, and it is rumoured one is carrying three eggs! Although this article presents an observation which proves Maria was manmade, it also shows how three-fingered and toed Gods were worshiped all over the world. And if this discovery is not a modern hoax, and was enhanced by Nazca people in the 5th century, it answers why these mummies might have been created and what they represent.


X-MEN DISCOVER ALIEN SPECIES

UFO hunters spot flying disks, bigfoot trackers find fur and devil worshippers feel Satan. The recent discovery of the mummy in Peru follows this predictable format, perfectly. It was “revealed” by Special Report “Unearthing Nazca” by Gaia.com, who explore the spiritual life, but if it were indeed a new species from from another planet, I'd have imagined we would see world leaders addressing their nations? And of course David Attenborough and Stephen Hawkins would be on every breakfast television show giving us their ten cents. Contrary, to this expectation, Gaia.com have offered not a shred of reputable scientific expertise, no documentation, location or contextual details. Further more, in their documentary featuring the discovery the scientists practically pull a mummy of out a bag and measure it for cameras "outside," in the open air, which is highly-unscientific.

Setting the actual mummy to the side and looking at the circumstantial evidence surrounding this discovery further suggests we are dealing with an elaborate, but flawed, modern hoax. Before we look at a tiny design error, which the mummies creators overlooked, lets first have an impartial look at the resumes of the “scientific team” surrounding the discovery. It really is like a list of Dr. Xavier's X-Men:

Dr Konstantin Korotkov: claims the mummy “is another creature.” Previously, claimed to have invented a camera capable of "photographing the soul" and pronounced about the measurement of “auras” - “If we send positive emotions, if we send love to each other, then we increase not only the other person’s energy field, but our own energy field.”

Jaime Maussan: promotes Demon Fairy, Roswell slides, Metepec creature, 2005 Alien photo and Reed Alien Tale.

Dr. Jose de Jesus Zalce Benitez: worked with Maussan on the "Roswell Slides" where analysed a photo “of a non-human body at Roswell,” which was actually a mummified child on a museum shelf in South America.

Jay Weidner: Gaia.com documentary filmmaker. He believes “for over 6,000 years humanity has not been alone…{aliens] Inserting themselves into positions of power and using subtle means of manipulation, off-planet rulers (the Archons) have been guiding our history for their own gain.”


DESIGN FLAW REVEALS CREATORS METHODS

A single observation lets us disregard any possibility that the mummy is an "unknown species" or "extraterrestrial," because if this was either it must have worn leg-braces. And, it's just highly doubtful a visitor from another time or space would wear leg callipers! What on earth am I taking about? Look closely at the big toe on the mummies left foot. Mike West the administrator of metabunk.org recently pointed out that “There's a matching Medial Cuneiform that normally support the Metatarsal of the big toe. However this is missing, and we have what looks like the three middle toes, but on a bone structure that normally supports five toes.”   The universal Laws of Gravitation dictate that if this creature ever actually walked, we would see highly-obvious signs of compensatory damage on the joints of the other leg, and we do not.

Fig 1: The toe alignment is an obvious human design error.

Fig 1: The toe alignment is an obvious human design error.

This toe miss-match suggests at least two people worked on preparing the mummy, one on each foot, apparently failing to communicate their starting positions! This really is such a perfect example of human-error messing up an otherwise great design! Considering this big-toe anomaly coupled with the questionable nature of the discovery team, it is highly likely that this entire discovery is indeed a modern hoax. However, until it is actually proven as such, there exist several other possible answers to account for this "discovery." To begin with, lets look at the main theories put forward to "solve" the problem, then we will look at each idea individually.

  • Modern fake, adding animal bones to an original Nazca mummy, created "without" the Gaia.com's knowledge.
  • Modern fake, adding animal bones to an original Nazca mummy,  created "with" Gaia.com's knowledge.
  • Older fake, possibly created for tourists.
  • Very old fake, Nazca mummy with added animal bones added in the 5th century.
  • A deformed human.
  • An unknown species of animal.
  • An extraterrestrial species.

DEFORMED HUMAN OR UNKNOWN SPECIES?

Some researchers and news outlets, less inclined to point towards outer space as a place of origin, have speculated that the mummy might be an "unknown species" or a "deformed" human. Every once in a while archeologists and palaeontologists do indeed discover new life forms and deformed  human fetus’. A previous South American alien was known as Ata , 6-inch (5 cm) long skeletal remains found in 2003 in a deserted Chilean town in the Atacama Desert. Currently owned by a Spanish businessman, who keeps Ata in a private collection, to even to the most sceptical eye there is no doubting Ata looks like a George Lucas creation, with her irregularly shaped skull and 10 ribs, curious in comparison to an adult human having 24. For many, there was no way to reconcile the vast differences between Ata and human skeletons and some of the world's most respected scientists believed alien life had finally been discovered.

Fig 2:  Ata had many scientists believing alien life had been discovered.

Fig 2:  Ata had many scientists believing alien life had been discovered.

Ata contained high-quality DNA which enabled anatomist William Jungers to date her to the 1980’s. He suggested that Ata was a human fetus that was born prematurely and died before, or shortly after, birth. He also proposed that Ata might have suffered from oxycephaly “considering that the frontal suture of the skull is very open and the hands and feet not fully ossified.” An alternative hypothesis was proposed by immunologist Garry Nolan - that Ata had a "combination of genetic disorders," including very severe form of dwarfism and thus died prematurely. However, no genes for dwarfism were found during his team's genetic analysis and Pediatric radiologist Ralph Lachman said that dwarfism could not account for all the unusual features found in Ata.

Dr. Nolan’s DNA analysis did however uncover the "B2 haplotype" group, which identifies human genetic populations in geographic regions around the “globe” - not around the “Galaxy.” The mitochondrial DNA contained in the remains suggested that Ata was indigenous to western South America, but a faction of hard-core ufologists maintain that Ata was an extraterrestrial, and of course, the scientists who tested Ata are covering up its "real" extraterrestrial origins.

Another famous “alien” was called the Kyshtym Dwarf  (Russian: Alyoshenka - English: Alexey). Probably another prematurely born female baby with several deformities, but this one cannot be proven as such because after being discovered in 1996, in the village of Kaolinovy, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, the remains vanished. Only a short video and photographs of the corpse survive. Alexey was a greyish foetus about 25 centimetres (9.8 in) in length, hairless, with a number of dark spots. The eyes were large and almond shaped and occupied most of the face with two small holes below for breathing.

She was found by Tamara Vasilievna Prosvirina, an elderly woman, who was struck with its unusual appearance, and gave rise to rumours of its extraterrestrial or supernatural origin. Soon after the discovery she was admitted to a psychiatric hospital and the remains were passed to the local police for sending to be DNA tested, but they “disappeared.” The story escalates from there in that Prosvirina's family were unable to retrieve the fetus from authorities after repeated attempts and in 1999 Prosvirina escaped the hospital and was killed in an car accident. Sceptics believe it was sold to a wealthy curiosity collector, but the majority of 'believers' who ever read about this discovery generally hold that the corpse was taken away by “members of Alyoshenka's species.”

In 2004, scientists made an official statement that the "Kyshtym creature" was a premature female human infant, with severe deformities. But some experts and eyewitnesses said it “could not have been a human” because there existed “so many differences" (up to 20 were counted) especially concerning the skull. Scientist Dr. Bendlin presented her conclusions that it was a deformed premature child, probably caused by the “far reaching fall-out of the 1957 Kyshtym Disaster." Bendlin's clinical assistant, however, Lyubov Romanowa, stated that "they had never seen anything like this", and that she believed that it was "not of human origin” especially provable in that the head had sharp edges like a helmet, which were "completely different to a human being.”


IS MARIA A 5TH CENTURY NAZCA MUMMY WITH ADDED ANIMAL OR HUMAN BONES?

The Gaia.com image of the mummies skeletal proportions have a certain “alien” appeal, yet if you take the time to compare them to an average Nazca person at that time, the proportions are perfectly human! Apart from the extended hands and feet which have additional bones. 

Fig 5: Gaia.com size chart for Nazca mummy. 

Fig 5: Gaia.com size chart for Nazca mummy. 

Now, we are going to walk that afore mentioned tide-line between fact and fiction. Let us “assume” for a moment, that the mummy is actually 5th century as claimed and was not doctored 8 weeks ago in a gaia.com's production studio by a retired zoologist. What we are left with, is a scenario where around 1600 years ago somebody cut open a dead body, removed nine vertebrae and added either human or animal bones to its hands and feet, before sewing it up and depositing it in a cave in a classic Nazca mummy position. The mummies elongated skull is the result of an ancient practice known as "artificial cranial deformation." Young children’s head’s were bound in cloths, ropes and wooden boards, as part of a life-long religious ritual. In 2003, a range of human skulls were discovered, deliberately warped into strange, alien-like shapes, in a 1000-year-old cemetery in Mexico (left), compared to the Nazca mummies skull (right). It is common to find mummies with no ears and noses as they simply rot away.

Fig 4: Credit: Cristina García/INAH.

Fig 4: Credit: Cristina García/INAH.

Why then, might someone from the Nazca culture have removed vertebrae and altered the hands and feet of a human, with an elongated head? The only feasible line of enquiry is to look for answers in the folds of Shamanic ritual and in their burial practices and beliefs regarding the afterlife. A central part in South American Shamanic rituals found in Mexico in the north to Peru in the south, and especially within enhanced Peruvian Ayahuasca rituals, is a transitory stage when Shamans’ perceived themselves as interacting with animal spirits. Probably the most well-known characteristic of this culture are The Nazca Lines, which depict more than 70 zoomorphic designs of animals, such as birds, fish, llamas, jaguars, and monkeys, or human figures. In the Nazca peoples arts and crafts, this transitionary stage is depicted a zoo-morpic forms blending human and animal.

So, if we have a 5th century human mummy, with extended fingers and toes, and Shamans attempted to depict someone in a transitory stage between human and animal, which animals were around 1600 years ago in Peru with only three fingers and toes? Cats, lizards and dogs all had four paws and claws, and were depicted as such in Nazca arts, and the only mammal matching this description is a “three-toed sloth” (Bradypodidae.) The following graphic shows Maria the mummies head compared with a sloth skull.

Figure 6: The shape of the dome on the mummies skull almost perfectly matches a sloths skull.

Figure 6: The shape of the dome on the mummies skull almost perfectly matches a sloths skull.

I really have to resit expounding on this, because if next week, the mummy is proven to have been made last year, for gaia.com, everything I will have said will fall into the sea, and there is no need for me to take that professional gamble. I will, however, say this. The skull is so geometrically similar to that of a sloth that it is almost beyond coincidence, and if this is indeed a 5th century mummy, it suggests that an ancient Nasca mother shaped her child’s head to match that of a sloths. Furthermore, if this is indeed a 5th century mummy, then the stylisation of its hands further support this “notion” (and that's all it is) that the mummy represents a Shaman in a transitionary stage between human and sloth.

Fig 7: The mummies hand resembles the three appendages of a sloth’s hand.

Fig 7: The mummies hand resembles the three appendages of a sloth’s hand.


ANCIENT THREE FINGERED GODS AND SPIRITS

Assuming the mummy is proven to be a 5th century original, does any supporting evidence exist in the archeological record to suggest the Nazca people worshiped, venerated, honoured or feared a “three fingered” god or spirit? The answer is yes. Late Nazca (300 - 600 CE) ceramics depict stylistic features tending toward symbolism, and are differentiated in three fundamental styles: geometrically, naturally (with figures of plants, animals and humans) and symbolically (abstractly, with motives of the fantasy, zoo-morphical figures. The following three examples of Nasca pottery depict Shamans as “three-fingered and three-toed” entities/creatures - at transitory, transformative or transmutative moments in a rituals.

Fig 9: Might the three-fingered Peruvian mummy correspond with these figures featured in Nazca ceramics.

Fig 9: Might the three-fingered Peruvian mummy correspond with these figures featured in Nazca ceramics.

The Nazca's three-fingered God was not limited to Peru. The first of the following three examples of petroglyphs feature a three-fingered and toed form, was discovered at Nazca and the second two examples were found in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico.

In 18th century North America, Hopi Indians used "Katsina" figures / "Kachina" dolls to instruct young girls and new brides about the "immortal beings" that bring rain and control other aspects of the natural world and society, and act as messengers between humans and the spirit world. The katsinas were the spirits of animals and natural elements or the deceased ancestors of the Hopi. Prior to each katsina ceremony, the men of the village will spend days studiously making figures in the likeness of the katsinam represented in that particular ceremony. The figures are then passed on to the daughters of the village by the Giver Kachina during the ceremony. These examples of three-fingered and three-toed Katsina figures were discovered in Longhouse, Iriquois.

Three fingered gods were not the reserve of American cultures and they can also be found in the arts and crafts of civilisations living on other continents! The triple-appendage form was central in the rock art and cavings of the Maori culture, the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. The Maori in New Zealand originated from eastern Polynesian settlers who arrived in waves of canoe voyages between 1250 and 1300 CE. Over several centuries in isolation, the Polynesian settlers developed a unique culture that became known as the "Maori", with their own language, a rich mythology and distinctive crafts and performing arts. Dr. A. K. Newman of the Wellington Philosophical society, endeavoured to explain why when the Maori built runangas, or meeting houses, the “curios and often-remarked fact that Maori images of deities almost invariably have on three fingers on the hand”. A maori elder  explained to Dr. W. T. L. Travers: 

  1. The three fingered figures are “strikingly familiar to some of the ancestors.”
  2. To brush against a three-fingered image is to offend the deity directly.
  3. All the gods had “slant eyes”
  4. Many had no lower jaw.
  5. Normal people had the correct number of fingers and toes.
  6. Relates to the ancient pre-religious trinity of father, mother and son.

The following graphic (right) depicts rock drawings, presented in Fairburn, by Arthur Rex Dugard, 1947. On the right is a New Zealand stamp which shows a rock drawing copied from a site on the banks of the Waitaki River - one of the most frequently re-used rock art designs in contemporary Ngāi Tahu culture.

Fig : Maori Rock Drawings, Fairburn, Arthur Rex Dugard, 1947,

Fig : Maori Rock Drawings, Fairburn, Arthur Rex Dugard, 1947,


Conclusion.

Although all of these examples of three-fingered Gods and spirits lend reason to why a 5th century Peruvian mummy “might" have been altered, it is my prediction that the "finder" will claim these mummies are new species, and will over look such flaws as the ill-construed foot. And so as clarity prevails, until "hard" scientific proof is presented it is only right that we lean towards the sentiments of “The Director of the Ministry of the Culture of Nasca" who summarised the discovery in four words - “a load of bullshit.” And he is not an X-Man.

 

Ashley Cowie is a Scottish historian, author and documentary filmmaker e

xploring history, science and psychology. Exploring ancient landscapes, cultures and kingdoms. Investigating myths, folklore and legends. Examining artefacts, symbols and architecture. Discovering and presenting unique stories from the 

People's History.

 



RECENT ARTICLES